Tuesday, October 22, 2013

Gum Diseases Caused By Tobacco

Tobacco use, no matter what form, increases your risk of developing gum disease. There are several forms of gum disease that tobacco users are at an increased risk of developing.


Tobacco promotes bacterial growth in your mouth, which is the cause of all gum disease. Gingivitis is the mildest and most common. Tobacco use can cause both moderate and aggressive periodontitis.

Chewing Tobacco

According to the Mayo Clinic, "The sugar and irritants in chewing tobacco and other forms of smokeless tobacco can cause your gums to pull away from your teeth in the area of your mouth where you place the chew. Over time you can develop gum disease ..."

Systemic Diseases

According to the American Dental Association, systemic diseases, including heart disease and diabetes, cause an increase in risk for gum disease. Tobacco use increases the risk for many systemic diseases, which in turn lead to greater risk of gum disease development.

Pipe and Cigar Tobacco

According to the American Academy of Periodontology, "... 17.6 percent of current or former cigar or pipe smokers had moderate to severe periodontitis--nearly three times the percent of nonsmokers. In addition, they averaged four missing teeth." Periodontitis is the leading cause of adult tooth loss.


If you think you have gum disease, consult a dental or medical professional. She also can provide information about quit tobacco use.

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