Monday, September 23, 2013

Treat Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome

According to the Mayo Clinic, polycystic ovarian syndrome, or PCOS, is the leading cause of infertility in women and affects approximately 10 percent of women in the United States. PCOS involves multiple cysts on the ovaries and a hormonal imbalance that may lead to irregular periods, acne, excessive and unwanted hair growth and infertility. The condition is also associated with obesity, high blood pressure, diabetes and high cholesterol levels. Early diagnosis and effective treatment of PCOS can help prevent long-term health complications, such as diabetes and heart disease, and improve quality of life.


1. Visit your doctor for a diagnosis and to establish a treatment plan. You will likely undergo a physical examination, have your hormone levels and blood sugar checked and possibly receive an ultrasound of your ovaries and uterus. Your doctor will also ask questions about your medical history, menstrual cycle and symptoms.

2. Take birth control pills to control your PCOS. Birth control pills may need to be taken continuously or may be prescribed in cycles. The hormones contained in birth control pills will regulate your menstrual period, lower your risk of endometrial cancer and lower your levels of testosterone.

3. Ask your doctor if you are a candidate for treatment with a medication called Metformin. This drug helps lower insulin levels and is especially beneficial in women who have both PCOS and diabetes.

4. Discuss methods of treating secondary health problems caused by PCOS. Many women with PCOS also experience excessive hair growth and problems with acne. These health issues may improve once your PCOS is under control, or they may linger and require attention and treatment with other medications.

5. Lose weight to reduce your symptoms and improve your overall health. Women with PCOS are more likely to be overweight or obese than other women, and losing weight has been shown to reduce some of the symptoms associated with PCOS, according to the Mayo Clinic. Eat smaller meals, choose nutritious snacks, and exercise regularly to lose weight in a healthy way.

6. Consider surgical treatment if attempts to control your PCOS with medications and other methods have failed. According to Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, surgical treatment of PCOS involves the removal of cysts and part of the ovary through a laparoscope or by means of an abdominal incision. Surgery reduces production of androgen and may restore ovulation.

Tags: control pills, with PCOS, your PCOS, associated with, birth control